The Smart Cities are already a reality. These are made of other small fragments that are responsible for the management of each one of the most important sections of the city. But who is responsible for the traffic and mobility of people? We explain what Smart Mobility is and why it is necessary for the sustainable development of cities.
Each era in history has a series of negative issues associated that affect globally and that must be addressed. In the 21st century, we have to deal with several that derive from the uncontrolled increase of the population, especially in the cities where the majority is concentrated.
Currently, 2% of the planet’s surface shelters 50% of the total population, which lives in cities. They consume 75% of the energy produced and generate 80% of global emissions.
Derived from this large number of people living in the urban areas, issues related to energy consumption and pollution comes up. In addition, the obstructions that occur also have an impact on economic and health aspects. It is estimated that these have a negative impact that is between 2% and 4% in GDP and where European drivers lose more than 33 hours a year trapped in traffic retentions.
What is Smart Mobility?
All these problems have a simple solution thanks to technology. This is carried out with fully integrated and intelligent infrastructures, and is what is known as Smart City.
This concept includes several forms of management and development at different levels, among which is Smart Mobility, which is responsible for everything related to traffic and people mobility in the city.
Smart Mobility, is the promotion of sustainable mobility that guarantees accessibility, transport systems, parking management and the solution of environmental problems.
Smart Mobility must be a triangle, that affects the environment (efficient transport systems at the level of energy consumption), economy (maximizes productivity) and society (higher quality of life for the citizen).
Therefore, the objectives of the Smart Mobility can be summarized in the following:
- Improve the quality of life of the citizen.
- Reduce the environmental impact.
- Improve the planning and efficiency of public transport means.
- Reduce congestion and citizen frustration.
- Optimize parking spaces and their management.
- Prioritize the citizen in the field of mobility.
Smart Mobility seeks a paradigm change and tends toward a multimodal transport system with high flexibility and convenience, based on intelligent management, which is known as Mobility-as-a-service.
Helsinki is one of the pioneer cities in the world to implement the Mobility-as-a-service model. Citizens have access to a single application composed of different mobility packs, that is, different means of transportation (car, bicycle, train, taxi, etc.) that the user has available at their disposal to choose according to their needs. Information, payment, services and other data, everything is concentrated in one place to get a unified system.
Smart Mobility for the citizen and Public Administration: Urbo
Urbo (”city” in Esperanto) is the smart city of Telefonica. It is a dashboard model for Smart Cities that is intended for the general public as well as the Public Administration. Urbo seeks to improve the citizen’s quality of life, providing information in real time on aspects of general interest such as traffic, air quality, waste management, etc.
On the other hand, it is intended to optimize the resources of the different Public Administrations, as well as to promote the accuracy and agility in the decision-making process, through control panels where all the information coming from multiple sensors is presented in a simple and visual way.
Urbo processes the data in real time as it arrive from the sensors placed by the city and turns over all the information in different levels of access and publication. In the private part is where all the information collected is shown through a scorecard for the management and monitoring of the results. It even has Machine Learning technology, which allows the system to be able to interpret, learn and anticipate all this data
Solutions like Urbo perfectly summarize the goals that Smart Mobility, and Smart Cities at a more general level, wants to achieve. With Urbo, efficient management of the Administration’s limited resources can be achieved while the user receives detailed information in real time that improves their mobility throughout the city.
The commitment to this type of technology is essential in the world in which we live to satisfy and solve issues as urgent as pollution, achieve a sustainable development of cities and improve the quality of life of citizens.